In addition to my research on (post)industrial sites and communities, I conduct research on public engagement with archaeology and heritage, linked to an interest in community place-making including the curation of local history, place-mythology and belonging (or ‘sense of place’). I have worked professionally in the heritage sector for nine years and have developed and led projects with leading organisations such as UCL and Archaeology South-East. I have particular strengths in partnership work, grant-writing, community consultation, volunteer recruitment, working with the media, developing project websites, project evaluation, reporting and publishing. If you would like further information on any of these projects or would like to discuss a project idea please get in touch.
Kojo Yakei (night-time factory tourism in Japan)
This research project examined the Japanese subculture of Kojo Moe (or ‘factory love’) that has developed around photographing Japanese heavy industry. Since the publication of the photographic book Kojo Moe by Ken Oyama and Tetsu Ishii in 2007 – featuring images of gantry cranes, steam power plants, steel towers and ironworks – industrial sight-seeing has been a growing sub-sector of the Japanese domestic tourism industry. The popularity of viewing factory structures has led to the growth of specialised bus and boat tours, including popular night-time tours (Kojo Yakei) in a number of Japanese cities such as Kawasaki, Yokkaichi, Muroran, Kitakyushu and Himeji. Participation – and the performance involved in participation – is closely linked to photography (typically through smart-phone cameras) as a way of recording the social experience and night-time industrial aesthetic.
In 2014, I carried out fieldwork on Kojo Yakei in Japan and an article on this research is in prep. The research was carried out with funding from the Japan Foundation, the Japanese Society of Civil Engineers and with the support of Professor Masaaki Okada (from the Civil Engineering Department of Kinki University, Osaka).
Orange, H. (in press, accepted) Flaming smokestacks: Night-time factory tourism in Japan. In Journal of Contemporary Archaeology.
Photographing light: Kojo Yakei factory tourism in Japan, talk, University of Cardiff Research Seminar, School of History, Archaeology and Religion, 26 November 2015
Night-time factory infatuation and the tourist gaze: the Japanese subculture of ‘Kojo Moe’. In UCL Institute of Archaeology seminar series 27 October 2014
Orange, H (2015) Night-time Factory Tourism in Japan via MMU Light Research, 23 January
Whitehawk Camp Community Archaeology Project
bid-development, grant-writing, project management, community consultation and evaluation, 2013-2015
This 12-month community archaeology project, based in Brighton, East Sussex, focused on Whitehawk Camp and the collection of objects excavated from the site in the 1920s and 1930s. The Camp – a 5,500-year-old Neolithic Causewayed Enclosure on Whitehawk Hill – is a rare type of ritual monument that marks the emergence of Britain’s first farming communities. A series of volunteering opportunities, workshops and events ran at Brighton Museum & Art Gallery, Whitehawk Hill and other venues. Volunteers learnt how to catalogue and examine archaeological finds, undertake geophysical survey, excavate archaeological remains and undertake conservation work to the monument. A series of outreach events examined the heritage and biodiversity of Whitehawk Hill and the results of the project were interpreted through varied digital media.
The Whitehawk Camp partnership was formed of the Centre for Applied Archaeology (UCL), Brighton & Hove City Council and Brighton and Hove Archaeological Society. The Project was generously supported by a £99,300 grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund.
Orange, H., Maxted, A., Sygrave, J. & Richardson, D. (2015) Whitehawk Camp community archaeology project: a Report from the Archives. In Archaeology International, Vol. 18, 51-55.
PAST in the Park (Peacehaven Ancient Skills & Technology Project)
consultancy, bid development, grant-writing, 2014-15 (Client: Lewes District Council)
This project is focusing on the prehistoric archaeological heritage of Centenary Park, a new 30-acre community park in Peacehaven, East Sussex. Centenary Park was the site of one of the largest archaeological investigations to have taken place in the southeast. Archaeologists uncovered an extensive and regionally significant multi-period prehistoric landscape with evidence of settlement and farming stretching from the Mesolithic to Iron Age periods.
Through the Past in the Park Project, residents will explore and celebrate the town’s prehistoric past by taking part in a 2-year programme of practical ancient skills, crafts and technology training. A community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach will be taken to community engagement. The Project will lead to a deeper understanding of Peacehaven’s heritage, increase the use of the Park, connect local people to the surrounding South Downs National Park; and by doing so promote well-being, and a new, positive place identity. In addition, the Project will enable access to the archaeological archive and leave legacy landmarks and community resources – in the form of a number of distinctive replica buildings.
The PAST in the Park Partnership is formed of Lewes District Council, Sussex Archaeological Society, Peacehaven Community School, and Peacehaven Town Council.
Consultation in preparation for the drafting of the 2015-2019 Hadrian’s Wall World Heritage Site Management Plan
online survey design and data management (Client: Hadrian’s Wall Trust), 2015
The Centre for Applied Archaeology (UCL) was commissioned to coordinate consultation in preparation for the drafting of the 2015-2019 Hadrian’s Wall World Heritage Site Management Plan. The aim of the consultation was to clarify and prioritise practical and achievable ways forward for the next Management Plan period, based on as wide a consultation as possible.
The consultation comprised of seven meetings with selected groups managing and delivering various aspects of the current Management Plan and an online survey. From this, a short document was created listing 25 top priorities for the years ahead.
Community consultation for HLF Landscape Partnership Bid: The ‘Beacons’ Project, Brighton
consultation lead, workshop delivery, evaluation and report writing, 2013
In March 2013 two community consultation workshops were held in the City of Brighton and Hove. The workshops formed part of the preparation for an application to the Heritage Lottery Fund’s (HLF) Landscape Partnership Fund. The application was for a 4 year Public Engagement project focusing on the natural and cultural heritage of Brighton and Hove’s peri-urban landscape (including the sea and coastal fringe).
The workshops were sponsored by UCL Centre for Applied Archaeology (part of the Institute of Archaeology and incorporating Archaeology South-East) and South Downs National Park Authority. The workshops were run in conjunction with the other lead partners in the bid: Brighton and Hove Archaeological Society; RED EARTH arts organisation; and Brighton and Hove City Council (incorporating the City Parks ranger service, Royal Pavilions Museum and the Brighton & Hove and Lewes Downs Biosphere Partnership).
The report presents the results of those workshops and highlights a number of themes and activities which were subsequently developed in collaboration with Community Partners.
bid-development, grant-writing, project management, conference organisation, 2013-14
The UCL Aperture Project investigated the intersections between landscape archaeology and land art including inter-disciplinary site explorations with artists and archaeologists and a conference ‘Sharing the Field: Art in the landscape and Landscape Archaeology’ was held at UCL. The conference brought together artists and archaeologists, and those from related disciplines, to consider the inter-relationships between site-specific art in the landscape and landscape archaeology. The project explored the value of artistic approaches to the interpretation of landscape archaeology – from the deep past to the contemporary past – and conversely examined how the practice and results of landscape archaeology inform artistic approaches to urban, rural and industrial landscape.
The project was generously funded by UCL Arts & Humanities Faculty.
Sharing the field: Art in the Landscape and Landscape Archaeology. One day conference at UCL Institute of Archaology, 30 November 2013
Public Engagement in Commercial Archaeology Project
bid development, grant-writing, project management, online survey design, publication, 2012-13
PI on a project that examined the challenges that commercial archaeologists face incorporating public engagement within projects. The aim of the project was to establish and reinforce the links between UCL, the local community and current and potential clients in the spirit of national planning guidance.
The project was hosted by Archaeology South-East (UCL’s contracts division) and generously funded by UCL Advances. A national online survey of activities and attitudes within the industry is published Open Access.
Orange, H. (2013) Public engagement at Archaeology South-East, in Archaeology International, Vol. 16, 41-46.
Archaeologists Anonymous, 2012-13
The Archaeologists Anonymous collective sought to provide an anonymous, non-digital platform for archaeologists to express their opinions on archaeology. Following the Post Secret model, the project invited archaeologists to make or alter a shop-bought postcard in response to questions on the future of the academic field and profession. Some of the postcards we received can be viewed on this blog.
‘What are your hopes and fears for the future of archaeology?’ Session at Society for Historical Archaeology annual conference, Leicester 2013. Organised by Hilary Orange and James Dixon.
Public Perceptions of Cornish Mining Landscape, 2006-12
My doctoral research (UCL, 2012) examined local residents’ perceptions of deindustrialised metalliferous mining landscape in Cornwall, UK including sites which are part of the Cornish Mining World Heritage Site. The aim of the research was to better understand the changing interrelationships between industrial landscape, perception and policy, set within the socio-economic history of deindustrialisation and the introduction of a neo-Conservative heritage policy during the post-war period (1950-2010). Alongside archaeological survey, a variety of social science methods and perspectives were adopted, such as ethnography and visual data research methods, to consider multi-dimensional aspects of transition. Over 40 walking interviews were conducted with former miners, members of heritage organisations and societies, local business owners, artists and key public workers.
As well as exploring the impact and legacy of deindustrialisation in Cornwall and attitudes toward World Heritage Site status, a number of thematic aspects emerged including changing perceptions of risk, societal acceptance and resistance toward industry and deindustrialisation, and industrial folklore and myth. My research found that industrial landscapes are commonly perceived by the public according to demonic, romantic or heroic tropes and are often refracted through identity politics, particularly notions of the outsider (authority or stranger), the incomer and the local. A redacted copy of the thesis is available via UCL Discovery.
Oakley, P and Orange, H (in prep) Representing Geevor: linear progress vs the singular moment in the presentation of mining heritage, in (eds Robert Jan Pijpers and Lorenzo D’Angelo) Mining Temporalities – Approaching the Extractive Industries through Time and Temporality .
Orange, H (in prep) Cornish Identity and Industrial Heritage in S. Berger (ed.), Constructing Industrial Pasts: Industrial Heritage Making in Britain, the West and Post-Socialist Countries. Berghahn Books
Orange, H. (2015) Reanimating Industrial Spaces: Conducting Memory-Work in Post-Industrial Societies. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, CA.
Orange, H. (2014) Changing technology, practice and values: What is the future of industrial archaeology? In Patrimonio: Arquelogia Industrial, Vol. 6, 64-69.
Orange, H (2012) Cornish Mining Landscapes: Public Perceptions of Industrial Archaeology in a Post-Industrial Society UCL Thesis, Redacted thesis available via UCL Discovery.
Orange, H. (2011) ‘The end of a moving staircase’: Industrial archaeology of the past, present and future. In Cornish Archaeology, Vol. 50, 137-139.
Orange, H. (2010) Exploring sense of place: An ethnography of the Cornish Mining World Heritage Site, in J. Schofield and R. Szymanski (eds) Sense of Place: Local Heritage in a Global Context. Ashgate Publishing, 99-118.
Orange, H. (2008) Industrial Archaeology: Its place within the academic discipline, the public realm and the heritage industry. In Industrial Archaeology Review. Vol. 30(2), 83-95.
In 2009, the highly successful large-scale, open-space community play Gonamena took place at Sterts Theatre on Bodmin Moor. Commissioned by the Caradon Hill Area Heritage Project to coincide with the Phoenix 100 celebrations, Gonamena told the story of one family’s fate during the copper mining boom and bust era in Cornwall in the mid to late 19th century. The play was written by Simon Parker, directed by Simon Harvey, and the score was composed by Simon Dobson. I was commissioned by The Works: Theatre & Dance Cornwall to write the evaluation report for the play following interviews with the cast and an audience survey.
In July 2008, MINED an exhibition of nine site-specific art installations was held at Cornish Mines and Engines, Pool, Cornwall. The exhibition was funded by the National Lottery through the Arts Council and a series of heritage funding bodies, (The National Trust, Mineral Tramways, Unlocked). I was delighted to be asked to contribute an essay ‘The context of MINED: Time and the industrial archaeology of the future’ to the exhibition catalogue.
Orange, H. (2008) The Context of MINED: Time and the Industrial Archaeology of the Future. In Mined Catalogue. Redruth.